The Fergana Valley is an unusual place in Central Asia, because in addition to the location and the presence of a unique landscape, this intermountain depression has many other interesting facts.
The Fergana Valley is the land of wise hereditary artisans who carried through the centuries the secrets of ancient virtuoso masters in the manual production of silk and original ceramics. Here you will visit silk-weaving workshops and a factory in Margilan, where the famous silk fabric - handmade khan-atlas is produced according to ancient technologies, as well as the village of Rishtan - the main pottery workshop of Uzbekistan. Rishtan blue ceramics are unique - they are the most popular among tourists as souvenirs.
The classic route through the ancient cities of Uzbekistan is a journey through the main and most famous historical sights, all the most grandiose, significant and obligatory to visit, without which it is impossible to fully form the image of Uzbekistan in the head.
Medieval mosques, madrasahs and minarets, modern metropolitan splendor, handicraft workshops, delicious Uzbek cuisine, noisy bazaars, immediately behind which quiet narrow streets begin, an Asian-style burning sun and a pervading night coolness, the striking contrast of deserts and oases will keep the aura in memory for a long time oriental culture
The territory of the Fergana Valley is marked on the economic map as an area known for developed agriculture. In addition, vineyards and crops are grown here in great abundance. For those who come not only to enjoy natural landscapes, there is an opportunity to visit interesting historical sights, which are located in the designated cities and environs. The main ones are:
Pir Siddiq complex in Margilan;
Madrasah Said Ahmad-Khoja in Margilan;
a ceramics center in Rishtan;
Buddhist complex at the ancient settlement in Kuva.
A visit to the local history museum in Fergana itself, which houses more than 80 thousand exhibits, will be quite interesting. Among them are photographs, household items and other historically significant exhibitions.
An extremely interesting building in the city of Kokand is Khudoyar Khan's palace, called Urda. It is a very unusual structure, decorated in a variety of ways. In the east, it is already customary that each ruler seeks to perpetuate his name in architecture. The same was the case with the palace of Khudoyar Khan.
Of the twenty-nine rulers of Kokand, Khudoyar turned out to be the most significant and famous, becoming khan at the age of twelve. Four times he was deprived of his status and power, and each time he returned to himself the throne. But not only this Khudoyar became known. On his instructions, in 1871, a palace was built, which was the 7th in the khanate. But it was built, according to all Eastern traditions, higher, grander and more expensive than all the previous ones.
The building was located on a three-meter pedestal, with an area of 4 hectares, with a long ramp, instead of steps that lead to the entrance to the palace! The palace was richly decorated. Cannons at the entrance, huge towers on both sides, a minaret. Carved wooden doors closed the entrance, and above them there was an inscription from colored ceramics "Great Said Muhammad Khudoyar Khan". The inner part of the palace consisted of seven courtyards with many buildings. A total of 119 rooms decorated with carved ganch, ceramics, painting, gold. A huge number of masters from different regions worked on all this masterpiece. The construction was supervised by the architect Mir Ubaydullo.
In the palace there were rooms where the treasury, court, treasury were located. But the reception room and the throne room were decorated with special taste. The chambers of Khudoyar Khan and the rooms of his four wives, four sons and two daughters were also richly decorated. The palace contained a huge number of servants and workers, for whom separate small rooms were allocated.
Due to the unrest and riots, Khudoyar Khan had to leave the palace, which was later plundered, and to this day only a few buildings have survived, forming two courtyards. Within the walls of the once great palace, there is now a local history museum that stores only fragments of that great history that can tell us a lot about the life of the khan at that time. And the looted property of the palace has now been distributed to various major museums in the world. For example, the throne of Khudoyar Khan is exhibited in the Hermitage of St. Petersburg.
If you want to buy more souvenirs and not spend money, then go directly to the city bazaar. Here you can buy anything you want, from souvenirs and dried fruits to weapons and handmade national chapans (dressing gowns).
As in the rest of the country, the city's cuisine is based on meat. Moreover, it is prepared in large quantities and in a variety of variations. The same samsa can be found with minced meat, minced meat or with the addition of fat tail fat. Also be sure to try the famous kuk-samsa with herbs. And of course, very tasty and varied sweet halva is famous here.
Of course, it is impossible to imagine Uzbek cuisine without pilaf. Here it is also prepared in several versions. By the way, the most delicious is usually found - in ordinary canteens, class below average. And remember: real pilaf is cooked only on a fire!
Also, be sure to try manti, khanum and of course - kurt - dry salty balls similar to cheese. They are made from suzma or goat milk.
Fergana is a small beautiful city in the southeast of the country, the largest in the valley of the same name. It is distinguished by the colonial buildings of the times of the Russian Empire with a clear layout and a pronounced center. Fergana is not that old, and it does not have such beautiful medieval buildings as, for example, in Kokand. But it will be an excellent starting point for exploring the most fertile and beautiful valley in Uzbekistan.
In terms of layout, Fergana is like a wheel: the axis is a fortress, from which the streets diverge in spokes. During the tsarist rule, many official institutions were built in Fergana: the military headquarters, the governor's residence, the post office and the city treasury, the officers' assembly, gymnasiums and schools. Then the city garden, theater, Alexander Nevsky Cathedral appeared. All of these colonial buildings date back to the late 19th century and represent the city's most interesting architectural heritage. Most of these buildings are two-storey and retain the general style typical of Turkestan in those years.
Sanatoriums in Fergana and Fergana region present modern comfortable rest, high-quality treatment.
You can visit institutions, wishing to improve health, gain strength, and restore the body after a long illness, in any season.
Mud therapy is widely used with the use of local silt sulphide mud, water of mineral springs.
Let's give an example of 2 of them:
Sanatorium "Chimyon"— balneological resort, located 30 km. southwest of the city of Fergana (Republic of Uzbekistan). Therapeutic factors - hydrogen sulfide mineral waters for baths, irrigation, showers, sulfate-hydro-carbonate-sodium water for drinking cure. Silt mud in the form of an application and galvanic mud is indicated for the treatment of patients with diseases of the circulatory system, respiration, nervous system, gynecological and urological diseases.
The sanatorium has modern diagnostic and treatment rooms, physiotherapy, exercise therapy, massage, therapeutic swimming pool, psychotherapy, laser therapy, thermal therapy (paraffin-ozokerite), herbal medicine, diet therapy, which serve to restore your health and prevent various diseases. Sleeping buildings are equipped with single and double wards. Guided tours.
Sanatorium "Etti bulok" located in an ecologically clean foothill area of the Fergana region, on an area of more than 5 hectares, not far from the city center, an array of mini - park with coniferous and deciduous trees, creates its own microclimate and has a beneficial effect on vacationers. Sanatorium "Etti Bulok" specializes in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, metabolism, diabetes, as well as concomitant diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchial asthma, musculoskeletal system, hemorrhoids, diseases of the genitourinary system. The whole complex of unique natural factors of the resort serves the recovery and strengthening of health.
The sanatorium uses a wide range of therapeutic factors: internal and external use of natural mineral waters, therapeutic mud, climatotherapy, dietary and fortified nutrition, exercise therapy, acupuncture, hallotherapy, a complex of physiotherapeutic procedures.
So where can you stay? So, the best hotels in this region.
The hotel can be called the hotel "pearl" of the Valley without hesitation. Nowhere else will you find such comfort and tranquility as here. Comfortable rooms (even if they are of the simplest standard), attentive staff will make your stay at the hotel the best part of your trip. In the courtyard of the hotel there is a spacious summer garden and gazebos, where it is pleasant to sit in the summer, and in the open kitchen you can find out from the master the secrets of cooking that very pilaf.
Another small hotel located in the center of Kokand. As an additional service, the hotel can provide a guide or assistance in organizing business meetings and conferences.
Today's Kokand hotel is located in the building of the only Kokand hotel in Soviet times. But today you can only learn about this from guides or hotel employees - nothing in the interior reminds of the past.
This hotel cannot be called otherwise than luxurious. High ceilings, spacious rooms, comfortable bathrooms, and even an elevator that will take you to the desired floor - you will find all this at Shedevr Plaza. There is no hint of national flavor in the interior of the establishment - everything is simple and minimalist in a European way.
One of the largest hotels in Andijan, oddly enough, is very popular among newlyweds - more than one wedding photo shoot takes place there every day. The hotel has its own restaurant all year round, and in summer you can celebrate or simply dine at the rooftop cafe.
These are two hotel buildings at once, located across the road from each other, and a spacious restaurant. The complex is located in the very center of the city, which allows you to easily and quickly get to any point, as well as be close to the largest shops and restaurants in Andijan.
Ikat House Hotel
The family gostiny dvor was founded by Rasul Mirzakhmedov - the successor of the world-famous dynasty of silk weavers. The owners have made every effort to ensure that guests of the small hotel have the complete feeling that they are at home - you will even be asked to take off your shoes before entering. In the interior, everything reminds of the main occupation of the founders - each room is decorated with curtains, paintings and ikat installations.
The chain hotel with branches in five cities of Uzbekistan is the largest hotel in the Fergana Valley. The list of services in different cities is practically unchanged - hotels always have restaurants, bars, swimming pools and saunas, large summer playgrounds. However, you can book a room only through the head office in Tashkent.
The hotel and entertainment complex, in addition to the residential building, includes several restaurants, cafes and food outlets for every taste and age. For breakfast, guests are invited to the buffet, and dinner can be enjoyed on the spacious summer terrace in front of the hotel.
Despite the fact that all the sights are scattered in different cities of the Fergana Valley, they are all close enough to each other, because they are the legacy of Margilan. You can go around all this in a short time, but the impressions will last a lifetime!