Sacred Bukhara is one of the tourist gems of Uzbekistan. The historic city center is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is over 2500 years old.
On the streets of Bukhara, you can find many different souvenir shops and workshops. Sometimes it seems that all souvenirs are the same, but they are not! Each seller will have something to surprise you! Bukhara is the weaving capital of Uzbekistan! If you want to buy stylish and modern wardrobe items, which, in addition, have national notes, then you simply must visit Bukhara! Most of the shops are located along the Lyabi-Hauz square and in the Trade domes, which are located next to the famous Poi-Kalyan ensemble. In addition to clothing, you can also buy ikat fabrics here. This fabric was used in its collection by the Armani trading house. It is, of course, not cheap, but its price fully justifies itself. Bukhara is also famous for its carpets. The quality of carpets is in no way inferior to Indian, Pakistani and Iranian, and sometimes even superior! For exotic lovers, Bukhara can offer musical instruments that are made on its territory with special skill, or handmade knives. Gold embroidery factory in Bukhara: the personification of the talent of folk craftsmen. Ornaments and designs of gold embroidery on tablecloths, bedspreads, clothes have always been highly appreciated by art connoisseurs. The craft reached its peak in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Just in the 30s of the 20th century, the Bukhara gold embroidery factory was formed, which today is one of the main attractions of the city. Gold embroidery masters have unique experience and are always ready to teach young people their secrets. Interesting excursions are provided here, during which the guide tells interesting facts about the factory, takes you through the workshops where the workers work, offering to carefully consider the process of creating textile masterpieces. Everyone can buy souvenirs with unique embroidery as a keepsake. Museum and Puppet Workshop – unusual exposition. The private museum is dedicated to the history of the puppet theater in Uzbekistan. The small hall presents interesting materials about the puppet theater, its characteristic features, history of formation and stages of development.
The climate here can be described as hot and dry in summer, so when traveling in Bukhara at this time of the year, be sure to bring an umbrella and sunscreen. Winters in Bukhara are rather mild, but warm things should not be neglected.
The main dish in all cities of Uzbekistan is pilaf. If you travel to all regions of our country, you will be surprised at how varied this dish is prepared. In every city, people will convince you that their pilaf is the best in the country! And only after trying everything, you will be able to understand for yourself which one you like more than the rest. Bukhara pilaf, or as it is also called, Oshi-Sophie, is considered dietary due to the method of preparation. It is prepared in a peculiar way, it is not mixed, unlike the Andijan or Tashkent. Another feature is that it is cooked only in a copper cauldron. Bukhara dishes also include dishes such as khalisa or kaish.
Bukhara was founded in the 6th century BC. This is one of the most ancient cities in Central Asia. Since that time, the city has preserved many attractions that attract tourists from all over the world. Let's just say one who has not been to Bukhara has lost a lot. If you want to plunge into the atmosphere of an ancient oriental fairy tale, visit the top sights of Bukhara:
Ark is an ancient citadel that was destroyed and rebuilt many times over its thousand-year history and each time it got better and stronger. The ancient earth fortress Ark, dating back to the 4th century BC, once personified greatness, power and inaccessibility. The fortification has always served people for many centuries. At the beginning of the 20th century, almost 3 thousand people lived on the territory of the fortress. There were craft workshops, warehouses of weapons and ammunition, the palace of rulers and the houses of their entourage. In 1920, part of the Ark was completely destroyed: the Bolsheviks bombed the fortress from an airplane, forcing the besieged to surrender. By the 2500th anniversary of Bukhara, it was decided to restore the Ark, and today the fortress is an important archaeological monument. On the territory there is a museum-reserve with many interesting exhibitions.
Lyabi-Khauz, the square built around the pool in 1620 (the name of the Tajik language means "around the pool"), is the quietest and most interesting place in the city - in the shade of mulberry trees, as old as the pool. Old Uzbek men once lived in this corner of the city, drank tea and played chess. Local entrepreneurs have taken over the area to cash in on the tourism trade. The square retains its ancient style, despite the evening pop music and the feeling of a family holiday.
There is a legend that a long time ago on the site of the present House there was the house of a local widow. Nadir Divan Begi, the vizier of that time, loved this place so much that he definitely decided to build a reservoir here. To this end, the official went to the widow and asked to sell the house, but the woman refused. Then Nadir Divan-Begi made a small irrigation ditch at the edge of the foundations of his house, which over time began to erode the soil. The widow had no choice but to yield to the cunning vizier and sell her land to him. And so the construction of the pool began.
On the Lyabi-Hauz square always crowded, guests of the city come here, locals with children - this is an ideal place for walking. Once upon a time on the site of Lyabi-Khauz there was a lively trade square. Today it houses one of the oldest and most beautiful architectural ensembles, built in the 16-17 centuries. There are two madrasahs on the square, khanaka is an ancient public institution, in the eastern part there is a monument to Khoja Nasreddin. In shape, Lyabi-Hauz resembles an irregular polygon; a small hauz (pond) and fountains add beauty.
The Bahautdin Naqshbandi complex is a cult religious ensemble. This memorial complex is an important Muslim shrine. The name of Khoja Bahouddin Naqshbandi is known to every believer, he was a great religious figure who made a huge contribution to the spiritual development of the country. Within the walls of the mausoleum lies a fallen tree - a mulberry. Locals believe that it grew out of the staff of Khoja Bahouddin Naqshbandi. If you crawl under a tree and make a wish, you can be sure that it will come true. On the territory of the complex there is a museum dedicated to Sufism (one of the currents of Islam).
Chor-Minor Madrasah - a picturesque medieval school. A beautiful building of the Chor-Minor madrasah is located in the open square behind Lyabi-Hauz. Translated from Uzbek, the name means "four minarets", which is quite justified: at the corners of the structure there are four round towers topped with blue domes. The décor of each tower is unique, the drawings do not repeat each other. It is believed that the design of the minarets is directly related to the four major world religions: the symbolism of Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Judaism is clearly traced here. In front of the complex there is a small landscaped courtyard with fruit trees, benches and a rectangular pond - a hauz.
Chor-Bakr necropolis - one of the most unusual places to see in Bukhara. This landmark is often called the city of the dead. A thousand years ago there was a settlement of dervishes nearby, then the first burials appeared here. The magnificent complex consists of a mosque, madrasah and khanaka. For many years, representatives of the noble family of the Samanids were buried in this place. Today, there are more than 30 beautiful structures on the territory of the necropolis, and in the northern part there is a large garden with many plane trees, willows, poplars. Travelers, coming here, can feel how mysterious and mysterious this place is with ancient history.
Miri Arab Madrasah is one of the main historical monuments of Bukhara. Two huge round domes of the madrasah rise in the very center of the city. The building was built in the 16th century, in honor of the victory of the Sheibanid troops over the army of the Safavid Shah. For almost five centuries, religious teachers and future imams have been studying in the madrasah. The building is of interest for its original architecture, which embodies the best traditions of oriental architecture. The rich decor deserves special attention: geometric ornaments, calligraphic inscriptions and patterns, refined stone mosaics.
Mausoleum of the Samanids located in the historical part of Bukhara. He is a prominent representative of the Islamic architecture of Central Asia. It was erected by Ismail Samani, the second emir of the Samanid state.
Ancient buildings still remember the events that took place on this land tens of centuries ago, because of this, the sights of Bukhara have a special flavor. The city-museum, like a magnet, attracts travelers from all over the world who want to look at an oriental fairy tale in the open air. Therefore, it is impossible to see all the beauty in one or several days, but even having visited several of these places, you can get a lot of impressions, vivid photos and emotions, plunging into the history of those great times.