Khorezm is one of the oldest regions with 2,700 years of history, located between two rivers and deserts of Central Asia, and is also well known with such historical cities as Khiva and Urgench. The main aspect of visiting Khorezm is historical and cultural tours. Khorezm is not only history and culture. These are many unique fortresses, natural resources, ponds (lakes), numerous museums, various arts and crafts and much more.
Khorezm has been famous for its melons and fruits for years. There are rumors among the people that the area has a mystical peculiarity, since such delicious vegetables and fruits are nowhere to be found anywhere. There are many different varieties of melon (Gurvak, Kari kiz, Bol Kovun, Zamcha, Bori Kalla, etc.) growing in the region. In Khorezm bazaars, you can see various melons grown by farmers. And of course, the taste of such a melon (sweet and juicy) will quench your thirst in hot weather. Do not miss the opportunity to take part in the melon festival "Gurvak - a symbol of Khorezm melons", which is held annually in the summer
The main reason for visiting Khorezm is that Khorezm is one of the most ancient regions of the world. It has more than 250 historical monuments located in the territory of Khorezm and many fortresses installed throughout the region. It has preserved the unique types of most of the walls, not to mention such walls as Ichan-Kala - the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in Central Asia, symbolizing the Khorezm region. According to ancient sources, Khorezm is also considered as "the second Egypt" or "Sun country".
Khorezm is located between two deserts (Kyzylkum and Karakum) closer to the territory of the Aral Sea, biodiversity differs from other regions of Uzbekistan. During a visit to Khorezm, you will become a more responsible tourist, you will begin to respect people who live in different conditions of the Khorezm region. Plus, you can contribute to the local community by visiting their area, meeting people, connecting and experiencing
everyday life. In the end, when they accompany you, you will make sure that the money you spent on your trip stays in the local community and not in the multinational network companies.
Khorezm was famous in the world for its dances and music, silk costumes and handmade carpets, carved wooden doors and columns, ceramics and puppets.
"Lazgi" is a spectacular feature of Khorezm art. It enchants people with its melody and shimmery dance that will inspire you to dance without any experience. Arts and crafts remain a worthy legacy from older ancestors to younger generations. Today, artisans of Khorezm, especially in Khiva, work in several directions, such as wood carving, suzane embroidery, carpet weaving, doll making and ceramics. During the visit, you can also see the process of making handicrafts in the workshops.
Another important type of applied art is "Chugirma" - a typical fur hat worn by most of the Khorezm people. On hot sunny days in summer and cold winters, the chugirma will help you keep warm in the cold and cool in the heat.
Since arts and crafts are the most interesting things to see in Khorezm, you will admire them with your own eyes.
Khorezm is located in the northwestern part of Uzbekistan, its capital is Urgench.
Urgench was once a village inhabited by small traders, located in the southern part of the Khiva Khanate. The only thing he could boast of was a small castle built in the 17th century. The main trade route from Urgench passed through the Amu Darya and the Aral Sea. This route was used to export and import various goods. Today's Urgench is a large cultural center. There are many museums, clubs and theaters here.
The most interesting and important place for tourists arriving in the Khorezm province has always been the city of Khiva. It is an ancient city-museum with a large number of historical and architectural monuments. The following places are rightfully considered the most significant places in this region.
Madrasah Muhammad Aminkhan (years of construction 1851-1855) is located south of Kukhna, near the city gate - Ata-Darvaza. Madrasah is the largest theological school not only in Khorezm, but throughout Central Asia.
Mausoleum of Said Alauddin is one of the earliest monuments of the city, which has come down to us in a rather distorted and rebuilt form. The fact is that the mausoleum was half buried in cultural layers indicating the antiquity of the monument. Nevertheless, the original appearance of the mausoleum remains practically unknown. Minarets of various architectural forms occupy an important place in the spatial panorama of the mass construction of Khorezm. The Khiva minarets are especially interesting. All of them, large and small, are surprisingly varied in the form of decor. According to tradition, a minaret was built in each mosque. Among the minarets, Islamkhoja Minaret is the highest (44.5 meters in height) and the most beautiful in its architecture. Its diameter at the base is 9.5 m. The second high minaret is located in the Juma Mosque, and it was built at the end of the 18th century. Unlike other minarets of Khiva, it is almost unadorned.
Minaret Kalta Minar (1855), which remained unfinished, but already having a height of 26 meters (diameter at the base of 14.2 m), was supposed to become the tallest minaret not only in Khiva, but throughout Central Asia. Work on the construction of Kalta-Minar was stopped due to the death of the ruler Muhammad-Aminkhan and the reluctance of his successors to continue construction. If we take the Khorezm province in general, it can be noted that 476 libraries, 333 clubs, 213 cinemas, two theaters and 2 museums that serve the community on a daily basis.
You can eat in the real region in such restaurants as: Art Restaurant Madrasah Allakuli-Khan, Silk Road, Zarafshan, "National House Zainab", Chaikhana Bir-Gumbaz, Chaikhana Parvoz, Chaikhana Farrukh.
The main hotels that are in great demand among vacationers here include: Malika Khiva, Malika Kheyvak and Jaihun Hotels. However, the most popular and famous is the hotel of the same name "Khorezm", which gained its popularity due to its favorable location. This hotel is located a five-minute walk from the airport and, moreover, in the very center of the city.
The desert surrounding the Khorezm oasis from the west and east is a strange desert. Between the heavy ridges of sand, among the ridges of dune chains, on the tops of the variegated desert rocks of the spurs of Sultan-Uizdag, on the cliffs of the Ustyurt Chink, on the flat pinkish surfaces of takyrs - everywhere on an area of hundreds of thousands of hectares we meet with traces of human activity. These are double lines of weathered hillocks, dotted for tens of kilometers, - the remains of the sides of the ancient main canals, a checkered pattern of the irrigation network on the takyrs. These are covering takyrs (...) fragments of ceramics (...) fragments of copper, iron, tips of ancient triangular bronze arrows, earrings, pendants, bracelets and rings, among which one can often find gems depicting horsemen, griffins and hippocampus, terracotta figurines men and women in peculiar clothes, figurines of horses and camels, bulls and rams, coins depicting kings in luxuriant attire on one side and horsemen surrounded by signs of the ancient alphabet on the other. - this is how archaeologist Sergei Tolstov described Khorezm.
Nowadays, sustainability of ecotourism is becoming popular in the region, based in the countryside and along the lakes Harroth, Korakol and the tourist complex Kalazhik, where you can enjoy fishing, boating, water scooter riding, folk games, on camels and horses. In addition, on the banks of the Amu Darya River, there are some places focused on the study of the flora and fauna of the Khorezm region. In the Khiva desert, saxauls are preserved in order to protect the natural areas of the region. Once you agree to visit these places, you will obviously learn about rural life, flora and fauna, traditional food and traditional yurt camps in the region.
Travel to Khorezm - These are exotic cities that will charm you. They, especially Khiva, are like a jewelry box that you want to take, put in front of you and go through these works of art for an infinitely long time, admire them.